Brief Encounters: Touching on a touchy topic, Gune & Goa, Daman and Diu (India). The population was roughly 200,000 by 1543. The total area of Goa is 3702 sq.km with population density of 394 per sq.km. The total number of children in India is 164.5 millions, about 660 thousand more than the number recorded in 2001. ,Highest proportion of urban population is in NCT Delhi (97.5%). The Average Sex Ratio of North Goa district is 963. During the Portuguese era, a lot of people started following Christianity. Religion-based data for the 2012 census released last month shows an increase of 6,560 Christians within the past decade. Diverse minorities of around 0.1% included Sikhism and Buddhism. [19] All Brahmin subcastes such as the Goud Saraswat Brahmins, Padyes, the Daivadnyas, and especially the goldsmiths and a few merchants, were lumped into the Christian caste of Bamonn. It simply conciliated old prejudices with new privileges. [10] In Salcette, Raia was the first village to have been Christianised, when its populace was converted en masse to Christianity in 1560. ", "Nothing is more erroneous than the common perception that all Goans have a considerable dose of Portuguese blood in their veins. [31] The retention of the caste system and Hindu customs by the converts was contemptuously looked down upon by the Portuguese, who desired complete assimilation of the native Christians into their own culture. The Panaji city is divided into 37 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Between 1975 and 2010, the population doubled to 1.2 billion, reaching the billion mark in 1998. Ram Kamat of Punola became Duarte Lobo in 1601, while Tados Irmaose of Anjuna became João de Souza in 1658. Religion plays a pivotal role in the life of Goans. This is the latest ‘data on religion’ of Census 2011 released this week. [7] Other less active orders that maintained a presence in Goa were the Augustines, Carmelites, and Theatines. [38] Furthermore, no conversion work was undertaken there. In simpler words, you can find a Hindu in a church, a Muslim celebrating a Hindu festival, a Christian in a Hindu celebration and so on. [25] Caste consciousness among the native Christians was so intense that they even maintained separate Church confraternities dedicated to the perpetuation of the existing caste hierarchy. Estevão Jeremais Mascarenhas, a Gauddo by caste and member of parliament elected several times by public demand; who spoke of self-determination in 1853. [29], According to historian José Gerson da Cunha:[24], "The spread of Christianity in the Southern Konkan was not a caste levelling process. 65% of the Goan population are Hindus, about 30% are Catholics, about 5% are Muslims and less than 1% have a different religion. On the contrary, the rapid rise of converts in Goa was mostly the result of Portuguese economic and political control over the Hindus, who were vassals of the Portuguese crown. Hinduism and Christianity are the two major religions in Goa, together constituting around 95% of the population. Last Updated: 11 Jan 2021. Goa district wise population, population based on religion in Goa. [28], Historian A.B. As per official census 2011 and population data 2020 of North Goa district, Hindu are … This exchange of population has made the natives a virtual minority in their homeland. 2020 © All Rights Reserved | Website Maintained by Goa Electronics Limited, Visitor No: A converted Brahman became a Christian in faith alone, retaining all the social rights of Hinduism, and transmitting all caste prerogatives, untainted by any admixture of foreign or low caste blood, through generations to his current aristocratic posterity. Question: What is the population of Goa? The religion-wise distribution of the sample is shown in table 3.9 and table 3.10 shows the religion-wise population distribution of South Goa district. Such was the Saints impact on the people’s mind that he still is remembered by the Goan’s as the city’s patron saint. Population Of India. Goa’s Golden Age: Goa reached its peak culturally and economically by the end of 16th century when it was fondly referred as ‘Lisbon of the East’. As per the data available, Christians constituted 63.83% (232,189 individuals), whereas Hindus comprised just 35.42% (128,824 individuals) in the 1851 census. The sex ratio of Goa is 973 females to 1000 males. (estimated). ", While the Portuguese intermarried with some locals and spawned a Mestiço class in Goa, they desired complete acculturation of the native Christians into Portuguese culture. [38] After 1835, many Hindu families from the Novas Conquistas were permitted by the authorities to settle in the Velhas Conquistas and some Christian families were in turn encouraged to take the reverse route with the lure of land for a small annual rent. Total population of North Goa district is 818,008 as per census 2011. Out of total population, 39.72% of population lives in Urban area and 60.28% lives in Rural area. Dept. [40] As part of their new religious identity, the converts were given Hindu names. The tax farmers would unjustly levy fines on native Christians for the illegal cultivation of tobacco. South Goa District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Goa) - Census 2011. As of 2011, 66% of the population of Goa is Hindu. Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Goa by census years. [6] The city of Old Goa was shared among all, since all the religious orders had their headquarters there. Get complete demographics about Goa. The Portugal rule left a typical Christian nature to this state and even today you will find many houses being built in the typical style of the Portuguese. In British territory the Catholic population is more scanty, numbering about 35,403. [23], Bound by their rigid caste rules, these local converts (particularly the Brahmins) retained pride of caste and race, and very seldom inter-married with the Portuguese. Goa Population 2019 –3.559424 Million. collaborators; religious affiliations did not matter. Goa Religion Population The distribution of religions throughout India is very different: Hindus 80%, Muslims 14%, Christians 2.4%, Sikhs 2%, Buddhists 0.7% and other religions 0.9%. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.63%. Almost 95 percent of the total population of Goa follow either of the two religions. Based on the last census, Goa’s Economic Survey 2008-09 says migrants make a fifth of Goa’s population. [21][22] The Bamonns, Chardos, and Gauddos have been traditionally seen as the high castes in the Goan Catholic caste hierarchy. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. [4] Christianization in Goa was largely limited to the four concelhos (districts) of Bardez, Mormugao, Salcette, and Tiswadi. The multi-religious fabric of Goa’s society shines brightly imbibed with the spirit of “Sarva Dharma, Sarva Bhava” or Equal Respect for all Religions. Panaji is a Munciple Corporation + Outgrowth city situated in Tiswadi taluka of North Goa district. A native of Goa is called a Goan in English, Goenkar in Konkani, goês or goesa in Portuguese andGovekar in Marathi. Changing Religious Majorities. Goa, the former Portuguese colony and a Catholic stronghold in western India, has for the first time this century shown a marginal increase in the Christian population. The percentage of the Christian population went on declining in the subsequent censuses for the years 1900, 1910, 1921, 1931, 1950, and 1960, with the percentage of Christians in the censuses being 54.83 per cent, 54.76 per cent, 52.29 per cent, 49.00 per cent, 42.18 per cent, and 38.07 per cent. After conversion to Roman Catholicism, they were granted Portuguese citizenship. Most people tend to have a thinking that Goa is predominantly a Christian state but the major religion of Goa is Hinduism. There is a unique blend of all religious faiths in Goa which is what lends a very mystical air to this wonderful state. [33], The Portuguese aimed to create a native citizenry loyal to their Empire, which they believed they could accomplish through mass conversions to Roman Catholicism. Goa is a secular state with numerous religions being practiced freely. Get Complete Info : About Goa History. Given below is a break up of the %age of major religions of Goa. Christian plays important role in electoral of South Goa state forming significant 36.21% of total population. [20] Those converts from lower castes were grouped together as Sudirs, equivalent to Shudras. The Archbishop of Goa was the most important ecclesiastic of the East, and was from 1572 called the "Primate of the East". At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … Most people tend to have a thinking that Goa is predominantly a Christian state but the major religion of Goa is Hinduism. [38] By then, the situation had also greatly improved for the Hindus and Christians in the Velhas Conquistas, with no more anti-Hindu decrees being passed. Several countries are projected to have a different religious majority in 2050 than they did in 2010. [37] After a treaty signed on 29 January 1788 with the rajah of Sonda, they acquired the concelhos of Bicholim, Antruz, Sanguem, Quepem and Canacona. Goa is the state with highest proportion of urban population with 62.17% of the population living in urban areas. Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Goa by census years. This was done with the view of gaining their collaboration, not necessarily their conversion, although conversion was encouraged. It declined to 26.74% between 1971 and 1981 and to 16.08% between 1981 and 1991. [33] The Jesuits—with some exceptions, and Franciscans did not bother to learn the native language Konkani. In 1595 Vittu Prabhu became Irmão de diago Soares and the son of Raulu Kamat became Manuel Pinto in Aldona, Bardez. Hinduism is the majority religion in Goa. [37] The influence of the clergy had significantly decreased by this time. [9] In Bardez, Mangappa Shenoy of Pilerne was the first Hindu to convert to Christianity in 1555, adopting the name Pero Ribeiro and thus becoming the first Christian of Bardez. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). It happens quite often that a Hindu is given a chair to sit and a native Christian stands. Out of total population, 37.83% of population lives in Urban area and 62.17% lives in Rural area. In 1998, Goa's population was estimated to be just over 1.3 million persons, of which 62% (806,000 individuals) were Hindu and 34% (442,000 individuals) were Christians. Museum 3. Operational Recommendations for Tourism Service Providers, Circular and SOP for Commencement of Hospitality Business, Participate in Trade Get Population Density, Religion Data and literacy data of South Goa, Goa India as per Census 2011 Data. [28] At least three Sudir priests trained by the Jesuits are known to have been condemned by the Inquisition in 1736. In 2011 there were total 151,845 families residing in South Goa district. For instance, while there is evidence of Chardo priests since the late 17th century, only Bamonns, Mestiços and foreigners were allowed to join the priesthood till then, and even from that period onwards, members of the clergy continued to hail overwhelmingly from the Bamonn caste. Goa, state of India, comprising a mainland district on the country’s southwestern coast and an offshore island. Goa district wise population, population based on religion in Goa. Out of total population, 37.83% of population lives in Urban area and 62.17% lives in Rural area. Religion. [37] The Jesuit order had been banned in 1759 and the political clout of the other religious orders had also considerably diminished. Out of which 416,677 are males while 401,331 are females. Consequently, they considered the native Christians to be inferior and practised social discrimination against them. [13], This process of Christianization was simultaneously accompanied by Lusitanisation, as the Christian converts typically assumed a Portuguese veneer. [37] The Portuguese zeal for Christianization gradually died down, so much so that by the last quarter of the 18th century, with the acquisition of the Novas Conquistas, they officially permitted the construction of temples in the territory and agreed not to interfere in the existing religious and social customs. With 80% of India's population, Hinduism is the most dominant religions in India. DEMOGRAPHY OF GOA: As per the 2011 estimations, around 65% were Hindu, 26% Christian and 8% Muslim. [3] East Indian Catholics of northern Konkan districts and Christians of Damaon also have some Portuguese Goan ancestry and interaction, East Indians were formerly Portuguese overseas citizens until when Bombay was handed over as a royal dowry to the British East India Company by the Portuguese Viceroyalty. [8] The first mass conversions took place among the Brahmins of Divar, and the Kshatriyas of Carambolim. The root cause of Goa inquisition is Fr.    Rama Prabhu, son of Dado Vithal Prabhu from Benaulim, Salcette, became Francisco Fernandes; Mahabal Pai, son of Nara Pai, became Manuel Fernandes in 1596. [19] The converts from the Kshatriya and Vaishya Vani castes became Chardos (Kshatriyas);[19] and those Vaishya who couldn't become Chardos formed a new caste Gauddos. With the support of the Portuguese government, they became the most feared and influential native class in the province. Mahabal Kamati of Curtorim became Aleisco Menezes in 1607, while Chandrappa Naik of Gandaulim became António Dias in 1632. [6] He allotted Bardez to the Franciscans, Tiswadi to the Dominicans, and Salcette, together with fifteen southeastern villages of Tiswadi, including Chorão and Divar, to the Jesuits. [15] One of them declared that the Goan Catholics would henceforth not be permitted to use their former Hindu names. [36] The Jesuit report of 1686 stated thus: "They are very poor and surviving on the income of labour which brings in just enough for their sustenance. [27] The Portuguese church authorities decided to recruit Gauddos and Sudirs into the priesthood, to offset the increasing hostilities of the Bamonn and Chardo clerics. This attitude of the Portuguese had moved many Christians in the recent years to go to the city with the headgears and the tunic of the kind the Hindus wear. The Goan society epitomizes the ethos of religious tolerance and despite the bitter memories of the Inquisition, people with different religious persuasions … [14] For instance, the Boletim do Instituto Vasco da Gama lists the new names of some of the prominent ganvkars (Konkani: Freeholders). A Portuguese nobleman or Minister shows greater respect to a low caste Hindu than to a Christian of high caste. Instead, the Portuguese relied on the Hindus (who were not considered full citizens of their Empire) to fulfill their personal and official ambitions, as they were seen to possess the capital, skills, contacts, and shrewdness required to sustain the Empire and its ambitions. The sex ratio is 973 females to 1,000 males. Known for the sandy beaches along its 65-mile coastline, Goa was a Portuguese possession until it … [27] However, some non-Bamonn priests did achieve distinction. Consequentially, the percentage of the Christian population (once a majority) has been demographically shifting in favor of the Hindus. One finds ancient churches standing along with Hindu temples in the same area. Goa Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Goa has population of 14.59 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 13.48 Lakh in 2001 census. [24] The Portuguese initially attempted to abolish caste distinctions among the local converts and homogenise them into a single entity, but soon found this to be an impossible task and were consequently forced to recognise them. ", The Portuguese clergy generally bore racial prejudices against their Goan counterparts. The literacy rate of Panaji city is 86.72% out of which 90.65% males are literate and 77.62% females are literate. The reason for this was the out-migration of Christians and the probable return of the descendants of Hindu migrants who had fled Goa[45] as well as mass immigration of non ethnic Goans into Goa. [39] Their efforts was met with success when on 23 February 1928, many Catholic Gaudas were converted en masse to Hinduism in a Shuddhi ceremony, notwithstanding the vehement opposition of the Roman Catholic Church and the Portuguese authorities. [34] The Portuguese and Hindus were great business and military South Goa, Goa District population is 640537 as per India Census 2011 and area is 1966 Ha. Hinduism - 65% Christianity - … At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … [34] For instance, the duty of collecting taxes on the cultivation of tobacco in Goa was entrusted to the Hindu tax farmers, who were usually cruel to the native Christians while exercising their powers. [17] As a result, members of the same vangodd (clan) who initially all shared a common Hindu surname ended up adopting divergent Lusitanian ones. The reason has to do with its theology. The Se Cathedral de Santa Catarina is also known as Se Cathedral and is one of the most ancient and celebrated religious buildings of Goa. The great majority are ethnically Indians, though their centuries-old adoption of the Roman Catholic religion, and of the Portuguese language and mores, together with their assumption of Portuguese names, have firmly ingrained them in the Portuguese cultural orbit. This is the latest ‘data on religion’ of Census 2011 released this week. They constitute the largest Christian community in Goa and account for 25 per cent of the total Catholic population in India. Almost 95 percent of the total population of Goa follow either of the two religions. Christianity arrived in Goa with St. Francis Xavier and the Jesuits. [46], In 2011, 66% (963,877 individuals) were Hindu and 25% (366,130 individuals) were Christians. The total number of Gauda converts was 7,815. The “Rome of the East” abounds with some of the world famous churches and temples abound is also the place where a “divine” co-existence prevails between people of various faith. South Goa district of Goa has total population of 640,537 as per the Census 2011. DEMOGRAPHY OF GOA: As per the 2011 estimations, around 65% were Hindu, 26% Christian and 8% Muslim. Panaji Religion Population He posits that had the conversions taken place in individual instances, the converts would have formed into a homogenous community and the caste system would have disappeared among the Christians due to their inability to find marriage partners from the same caste. The indigenous population of the erstwhile Portuguese colony of Goa underwent a large-scale conversion from Hinduism to Christianity after its conquest and occupation by the Portuguese Empire, led by admiral Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510. The major religions are Hinduism and Christianity which together account for more than 95 per cent of the population while Islam and other religions account for the remainder 5 per cent. Of 14.58 lakh persons counted in Goa in 2011, 66 percent are Hindus, 25 percent Christians and somewhat more than 8 percent Muslims. Hinduism and Christianity are the major religions of Goa. As per official census 2011 and population data 2021 of South Goa district, Hindu are majority in South Goa state. After conversion to Roman Catholicism, they were granted Portuguese citizenship. [33] The Franciscans further expanded on the viceregal decree of 1606 regarding making the natives illiterate in Konkani, and literate or semi-literate in Portuguese to qualify for receiving sacraments. Goa Religion Population The sex ratio of Goa is 973 females to 1000 males. Salcete Taluka in South Goa District of Goa. The total Catholic population in Portuguese territory is reckoned at 293,628 out of a total population 365,291. The converts from the priestly Brahmin class were Bamonns (Konkani: Brahmins). Almost all the present-day Goan Catholicsare descendants of these local converts to the religion. I’ll start with more lax critiques before going into major ones regarding history: It’s decreasing everywhere except China and South Africa. [39] These means led a considerable number of Catholic Gaudas to declare willingness to come into the Hindu fold, and a Shuddhi ceremony was carefully prepared. [31] The social attitudes of the Portuguese towards the native Christians is exemplified in a memorandum submitted by the Christians of Salcette to the Portuguese monarch João IV in 1642:[32], "It is very painful to realise that when our people were Hindus, they were better honoured and respected in the courts of Hindu and Muslim rulers, but after conversion we have lost much of our self-respect. They would ill treat the native womenfolk at the tollbooth on the pretext of searching for illegal goods. Gazetteer Dept 1979, Muthukumaraswamy, University of Madras. Population by Country Countries (and dependencies) in the world ranked by population. [14] The 1567 Provincial Council of Goa—under the presidency of the first Archbishop of Goa Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira and after his retirement under that of George Themudo, Bishop of Cochin—passed over 115 decrees. [42] The wider Hindu Gauda community refused to accept these neo-Hindus back into their fold, and they were now alienated by their former Christian coreligionists. The multi-religious fabric of Goa’s society shines brightly imbibed with the spirit of “Sarva Dharma, Sarva Bhava” or Equal Respect for all Religions. Approx. Goan religious practices are followed by almost everyone who is settled over there. Salcete Taluka population, religion, caste, sex ratio, literacy rate data. A country with Hindus constitutes the majority population and Muslim are it’s second biggest population. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. Hinduism constitutes 76.06% of North Goa population. People of different faiths and beliefs come together whenever some auspicious moment is to be celebrated. There are many Hindu temples in Goa. Lord Parshuram with Saraswat brahmin settlers commanding Lord Varuna to make the seas recede to make the Konkan . Such was the Saints impact on the people’s mind that he still is remembered by the Goan’s as the city’s patron saint. The Average Sex Ratio of South Goa district is 986. As a result, entire Christian village communities were deprived of considerable surplus income and many poor Christians were made into vagabonds or forced to flee Goa to the neighbouring kingdoms. Population Density, Fertility Rate, Median Age, Migrants. There is no way of talking to Hindus about conversion any more, because they reply that they are not in a hurry to lose their self-respect. The data states that the Hindu population in Goa has grown marginally from 65.78% in 2001 to 66.09% a decade later. During the Portuguese era, a lot of people started following Christianity. There are significant population of other religions including Parsi, Christian and Jews as well. Therefore, many Hindus who did not convert or even those who consistently refused to convert and overtly opposed Christendom continued to receive from the Portuguese more honours, favours and jobs than the Christians. Various religions like Hinduism apart from Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism started in India. Answer: Goa, India (capital: Panaji) - last known population is ≈ 1 458 500 (year 2011). Later in 1609, another of his sons converted and took the name of João Rangel. The population is primarily a mixture of Christians and Hindus: the western coastland and estuaries are dotted with wayside crosses and Roman Catholic churches, while the hilly east is scattered with Hindu temples and shrines. It is expected to become the first country to be home to more than 1.5 billion people by 2030, and its population is set to reach 1.7 billion by 2050. [15] Consequently, the converts typically had to adopt the surnames of the Portuguese priest, governor, soldier or layman who stood as godfather for their baptism ceremony. However, the Portuguese government refused to grant them legal permission to change their names. Religion dwells in the hearts of Goans wherever in the world they may be. The indigenous population of the erstwhile Portuguese colony of Goa underwent a large-scale conversion from Hinduism to Christianity after its conquest and occupation by the Portuguese Empire, led by admiral Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510. The city was evangelized by all religious orders, since all of them had their headquarters there. Out of which 322,463 are males while 318,074 are females. [17] For instance in 1594, the son of Pero Parras, a ganvkar from Raia acquired at baptism the new name of Sebastião Barbosa. Celebrate every festival with devotion and joy the Christian population of Jains today, it was once a )! 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