In the 1920s almost everyone who was paralyzed simply retired from life. 14. The stirring true story of Franklin D. Roosevelt's battle with polio in 1921. Political cartoons showed him to be a man of action, either running or jumping or otherwise carrying on as an individual with full use of his legs. The other half would go to Eleanor. He couldn’t use his thumbs and he couldn’t sit up. While in the state senate, FDR made a name for himself as a reformer, frequently battling city based machine bosses (Tammany Hall). 3. Before being paralyzed, Roosevelt had served as the second ranking civilian in charge of the U.S. Navy for seven years. The smiling upturned head and the cigarette holder at a jaunty angle epitomized this attitude. Movies for Grownups advocates for the 50-plus audience by fighting ageism in the entertainment industry and encouraging films that resonate with older viewers. Morgan, 190 & 191. There were other responses that countries in Europe, for example, had to the desperate economic hard times of the 1930s. However, Franklin was able to get beyond this and appreciate the warm friendly reception that he received. By October of 1924 when he first visited Warm Springs, Roosevelt was already an expert: an expert in all the treatments that didn’t work. ; Always do your best; Use self-control; Be self-disciplined; Think before you act — consider the consequences; Be accountable for your choices). Research information about Eleanor Roosevelt and her influence on FDR. The tugs were accompanied by a contingent of armed Marines. Here is an example. No president since Lincoln had been as intent as Theodore Roosevelt to use his office to further the interests of the American people as a whole, rather than the special interests that had brought him to power. 3. The most important were: his mother, Eleanor, Lucy Mercer, and Missy LeHand. While Roosevelt had run unsuccessfully as the Democratic vice presidential candidate in 1920, his campaign was well-regarded and won him the respect of millions of Americans. He had taken expedient positions at times and there is substance to the charge that he had been disloyal to Josephus Daniels, the Secretary of the Navy. But FDR’s admiration for cousin Teddy went further. The therapy delivered by the center focused on maximizing what the polios could do with the muscles that remained of use. FDR was not accustomed to rejection. Located in the deep canyons of Dinosaur National Monument on the Yampa River, the rapid is both feared and loved. Get movie schedules, box office information, and purchase tickets for movies. Although unable to walk more than a few paces, Roosevelt projected an image of power and strength that contributed to his reputation as a dynamic leader. Although the film briefly raises Roosevelt’s personal problems with family and women, how do these touchy issues seem to affect his experience at Warm Springs? Name two minor characters in the film that were based on real people who lived in Warm Springs. This was a risky decision as he could well have fallen and would have needed help standing again. A grim atmosphere characterized most other rehabilitation hospitals of the 1920s. 1. 63 – 67. Her opinion of his actions was always important to him. 12. Within a few years he had purchased the resort and set up a non-profit foundation to which he donated the land and buildings. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available from She came a few times to the White House to dine with FDR when Eleanor was away. All well-reasoned suggestions are acceptable. At the age of two he had witnessed an aunt burning to death when her clothing, accidentally drenched with alcohol, burst into flames. With weekly news and reviews, nationwide screenings, and an annual awards event, AARP champions movies for grownups, by grownups. FDR was across the country and couldn’t attend the funeral. Romance between polios and push boys and the local girls was not discouraged. The person that he was being responsible to, ultimately, was himself, but also his family and ultimately the nation. Each of the books mentioned in the Bibliography Section are excellent biographies of FDR. The fees charged patients at Warm Springs were about one-third of the cost of hospital care at the time. In the new film “Harriet," expect a young, fiery depiction of famed American abolitionist. Goodwin, pp. Missy LeHand was Roosevelt’s personal secretary and, for two decades, his almost constant companion. There were few rehabilitation hospitals and those that existed used rigid therapies that often caused additional psychological or physical injury. He usually kept his resolve hidden under an affable exterior, but it was there before polio made his legs useless, as well as after. What were they? Featured Actors: Kenneth Branagh as Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Cynthia Nixon as Eleanor Roosevelt; David Paymer as Louis Howe; Tim Blake Nelson as Tom Loyless; Matt O’Leary as Fred Botts (disabled boy in baggage car of train); Matt Malloy as Lionel Purdy; Andrew Davoli as Jake Perini; Nelsan Ellis as Roy; Jane Alexander as Sara Delano Roosevelt; Kathy Bates as Helena Mahoney. For a printable version of this test suitable to distribute to a class (without suggested answers) click here. Social Security was implemented to allow the elderly, a population which had many characteristics in common with the disabled, to maintain financial independence and therefore dignity. First, he was extremely upset by what he considered to be an unfair report by a Senate subcommittee impugning one aspect of his administration of the Navy during WWI. Finally, the Roosevelt family experience at Campobello was very active, with hikes, boating, and swimming. These attributes of the New Deal were amplifications of ideas that had worked at Warm Springs. The movie, most likely employing poetic license, uses the Fred Botts episode to illustrate the crossing of this emotional bridge. It is now standard equipment for water therapy. Before he contracted polio, Roosevelt had led a privileged life that set him apart from common people. Additional questions are set out below. The destroyers were taken out of the shipyard and delivered to their Argentinean crews who were waiting a little offshore. 16 & 17. Most students will note Roosevelt’s compassion, generosity, and sense of fair play associated with both his rehabilitation and his presidency. Watch Warm Springs Movie on Disney+ Hotstar Premium now. There are several incidents of poetic license in the film in which events are transposed in time or scenes have been created by the screenwriter to illustrate important events or psychological milestones in FDR’s life. 10. Why can it be said that polio epidemics are a product of modern sanitation? Gallagher, pp. The basic theme of the film is that Franklin Roosevelt’s character was forged through his long and painful fight with polio. Goodwin, Ward 632. What was FDR’s reaction to the limitations imposed on most disabled people by the society of the 1920s? Eleanor discovered FDR’s affair with Lucy Mercer when she found a packet of Lucy’s love letters while unpacking FDR’s luggage. During the Great Depression, the United States economy was devastated and the country despaired of its future. Polios that had skills or could develop them were recruited for the staff. What the film misses is that the experience had fertile ground from which to grow a great character. xiii and xiv; The term “splendid deception” is from the title of Mr. Gallagher’s book; see also Goodwin p. 586. Especially in the early years of his political comeback, a fall in public would have severely damaged FDR’s career. Their disability was thought to be a mark of shame and they were usually relegated to a back bedroom. Roosevelt’s children had been looking forward to playing with him and he didn’t want to disappoint them. Describe at least two of them. Directed by Joseph Sargent. Any good answer would include his service as Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Questions are focused on comprehension, application, analysis, syntheses or evaluation. Goodwin, 27 – 29; 98, 104, 630. Many elements of this film are based on real life events. His ability to do this allowed Warm Springs to become an important center for his life. Through years of strenuous work FDR was able, just barely, to attain his second goal. FDR was the first and to our knowledge the only leader of a major country who was selected when he suffered from a major disability. Warm Springs Rapid is one of the West's classic whitewater experiences. In societies in which hygiene is poor, children are exposed to polio in infancy, when they are protected by their mother’s antibodies, or in early life, when the effects of the infection are mild and can be overcome during development. FDR was an innovator in the rehabilitation of polio victims. However, the pre-polio Roosevelt was already a successful politician with a progressive agenda and an accomplished public servant. There are also several less important responses that might also be mentioned in a good answer to this question: Eleanor was TR’s favorite niece and, because of TR’s popularity, the Roosevelt name was helpful to FDR in his effort to become president. ” . Most importantly, the atmosphere was happy and encouraged humor and high spirits. I coast down the hills at Hyde Park [FDR’s boyhood home] in the snow, and then I walk slowly up … and I know every curve.” Morgan p. 259. Gallagher 5 & 6. Discussion Questions Thus both of Eleanor’s parents let her down and then disappeared. See Standard Questions Suitable for Any Film. In addition, throughout FDR’s life, Eleanor was his progressive conscience, the voice of the downtrodden and disadvantaged. His request was denied. Eleanor was constantly trying to secure her mother’s affection. 4. AGE; 12+; No MPAA rating but we think it would probably be rated PG; Drama; 2005; 120 minutes; Color. At that time, its effects are usually very mild and can be overcome during development. It was intended that life be as normal as possible: the food was good, served at formal settings with china and linen napkins; bridge tournaments, picnics, poker games, movies, and amateur theatricals passed the time and lifted spirits. When necessary, these efforts to discredit Roosevelt were met with immediate counterattacks demonstrating his fitness to govern. He would crawl “up and down the hall between his bedroom and the elevator, practicing his escape.” Ward 639 & 640; Goodwin 16. Go through the issues outlined in the Benefits section. Goodwin, 561, 562, 600 – 603, 611 – 615, 631 & 632. At Warm Springs, FDR was among people who shared the experience of being unable to care for themselves and who had to be lifted in and out of chairs, cars and pools. Joseph Kennedy (whose son, John F. Kennedy was born around this time) worked for Bethlehem Steel and was sent to negotiate with FDR. Ultimately the subcommittee’s report, shrill and partisan, did little harm to FDR’s political career, but he didn’t know that in the summer of 1921. Initially, the effects of polio made Roosevelt’s arm and back muscles very weak. Although crutches were a reasonably practical and safe way to get around, they were a symbol of the cripple, arousing fear, revulsion, and pity. When historians are asked who they would choose as the greatest Presidents of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt ranks with Washington and Lincoln as among the three best. FDR convinced Dr. LeRoy W. Hubbard, an experienced orthopedist with the New York State Department of Health, to take charge of the Warm Springs medical program and write the report to the AOA. After polio threatens his political career in the early 1920s, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (Kenneth Branagh) desperately searches for a cure to his newly acquired disease, hoping to regain the use of his legs. While in the state senate, FDR earned a reputation as a reformer, frequently battling city-based machine bosses (Tammany Hall). Then ask and help your child to answer some of the Discussion Questions. FDR’s fear of fire intensified when his legs became paralyzed. Additional assignments include: 1. The stirring true story of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's battle to overcome being left a paraplegic by polio in 1921. Warm Springs is a 2005 made-for-television biography drama film directed by Joseph Sargent, written by Margaret Nagle, and starring Kenneth Branagh, Cynthia Nixon, Kathy Bates, Tim Blake Nelson, Jane Alexander, and David Paymer. FDR’s work in that office was generally well regarded. Although Roosevelt was able to “walk” only a few feet, he projected an image of dynamic leadership. This Learning Guide will focus on the historical accuracy of the film and FDR’s experience at Warm Springs. 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